Agriculture is one of the traditional sectors of the economy of the Republic of Abkhazia. Favorable climate and environmental conditions provide competitive advantage for developing a broad range of agricultural areas: subtropical fruits growing, vegetables farming, wine growing, the cultivation of nut cultures, the cultivation of tea and tobacco, the cultivation of essential-oil cultures, aviculture, animal agriculture, fish-culture and bee farming.
The Republic of Abkhazia takes the 4th place after “the big three” wine-exporting countries on the Russian market:
|Place||Exporting country||Export turnover||Export share in Russia|
Resource: Federal Custom Service of the Russian Federation, 2015
This industry provides 12% (5 950 million rubles in 2015) in producing industry and 13% of employment, and demonstrate an upward trend of development.
The total area of land resources of Abkhazia is 866.5 thousand ha, agricultural lands – 201 thousand ha.
The pasture (31.1%) takes substantial part in the structure of agricultural lands, fields – 4%. The percentage of perennial plantings in total area of agricultural lands is 2.5%.
Private farm holdings are base of fruits growing and vegetables farming, covering 92% of production and 95% of gross output.
It is listed 123 thousand ha as pasture in Abkhazia. Moreover, because of soft climate it is possible to have 2 or 3 harvests a year.